Barnett, T.P., Pierce, D.W., Achutarao, K.M., Gleckler, P.J., Santer, B.D., Gregory, J.M. & Washington, W.M. 2005, “Penetration of human-induced warming into the world’s oceans”, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 309, no. 5732, pp. 284-287.

Bonilla, H.R. & Piñón, G.C. 2002, “Influence of temperature and nutrients on species richness of deep water corals from the western coast of the Americas”, Hydrobiologia, vol. 471, no. 1-3, pp. 35-41.

Brooke, S. & Young, C.M. 2009, “In situ measurement of survival and growth of Lophelia pertusa in the northern Gulf of Mexico”, Mar Ecol Prog Ser, vol. 397, pp. 153-161.

Brooke, S., Ross, S.W., Bane, J.M., Seim, H.E. & Young, C.M. 2013, “Temperature tolerance of the deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa from the southeastern United States”, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol. 92, no. 0, pp. 240-248.

Cairns, S.D. 2007, “Deep-water corals: an overview with special reference to diversity and distribution of deep-water scleractinian corals”, Bulletin of Marine Science, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 311-322.

Coles, S.L. & Jokiel, P.L. 1978, “Synergistic Effects of Temperature, Salinity and Light on Hermatypic Coral Montipora-Verrucosa”, Marine Biology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 187-195.

Costello, M.J., McCrea, M., Freiwald, A., Lundälv, T., Jonsson, L., Bett, B.J., van Weering, T.C., de Haas, H., Roberts, J.M. & Allen, D. 2005, “Role of cold-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs as fish habitat in the NE Atlantic” in Cold-water corals and ecosystems Springer, , pp. 771-805.

Davies, A.J., Duineveld, G.C., Lavaleye, M.S., Bergman, M.J., van Haren, H. & Roberts, J.M. 2009, “Downwelling and deep-water bottom currents as food supply mechanisms to the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) at the Mingulay Reef complex”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 620.

Davies, A.J. & Guinotte, J.M. 2011, “Global habitat suitability for framework-forming cold-water corals”, PLoS One, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. e18483.

Davies, A.J., Duineveld, G.C.A., van Weering, T.C.E., Mienis, F., Quattrini, A.M., Seim, H.E., Bane, J.M. & Ross, S.W. 2010, “Short-term environmental variability in cold-water coral habitat at Viosca Knoll, Gulf of Mexico”, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 199-212.

Davies, A.J., Wisshak, M., Orr, J.C. & Murray Roberts, J. 2008, “Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia)”, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1048-1062.

Delibrias, G. & Taviani, M. 1984, “Dating the death of Mediterranean deep-sea scleractinian corals”, Marine Geology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 175-180.

Dodds, L.A., Roberts, J.M., Taylor, A.C. & Marubini, F. 2007, “Metabolic tolerance of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) to temperature and dissolved oxygen change”, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, vol. 349, no. 2, pp. 205-214.

Dullo, W., Flögel, S. & Rüggeberg, A. 2008, “Cold-water coral growth in relation to the hydrography of the Celtic and Nordic European continental margin”, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 371, pp. 165-176.

Ellett, D., Edwards, A. & Bowers, R. 1986, “The hydrography of the Rockall Channel—an overview”, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.Section B.Biological Sciences, vol. 88, pp. 61-81.

Ferrier-Pages, C., Gattuso, J. & Jaubert, J. 1999, “Effect of small variations in salinity on the rates of photosynthesis and respiration of the zooxanthellate coral Stylophora pistillata“, Marine ecology.Progress series, vol. 181, pp. 309-314.

Findlay, H.S., Artioli, Y., Moreno Navas, J., Hennige, S.J., Wicks, L.C., Huvenne, V.A., Woodward, E.M.S. & Roberts, J.M. 2013, “Tidal downwelling and implications for the carbon biogeochemistry of cold‐water corals in relation to future ocean acidification and warming”, Global Change Biology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 2708-2719.

Fink, H.G., Wienberg, C., Hebbeln, D., McGregor, H.V., Schmiedl, G., Taviani, M. & Freiwald, A. 2012, “Oxygen control on Holocene cold-water coral development in the eastern Mediterranean Sea”, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 62, pp. 89-96.

Flögel, S., Dullo, W., Pfannkuche, O., Kiriakoulakis, K. & Rüggeberg, A. 2014, “Geochemical and physical constraints for the occurrence of living cold-water corals”, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol. 99, pp. 19-26.

Form, A.U. & Riebesell, U. 2012, “Acclimation to ocean acidification during long‐term CO2 exposure in the cold‐water coral Lophelia pertusa“, Global Change Biology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 843-853.

Frederiksen, R., Jensen, A. & Westerberg, H. 1992, “The Distribution of the Scleractinian Coral Lophelia Pertusa Around the Faroe Islands and the Relation to Internal Tidal Mixing”, Sarsia, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 157-171.

Freiwald, A. 2003, “Reef-forming cold-water corals” in Ocean margin systems Springer, , pp. 365-385.

Freiwald, A., Fosså, J.H., Grehan, A., Koslow, T. & Roberts, J.M. 2004, “Cold-water coral reefs”, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK, , pp. 84.

Genin, A., Dayton, P.K., Lonsdale, P.F. & Spiess, F.N. 1986, “Corals on seamount peaks provide evidence of current acceleration over deep-sea topography”, .

Guinotte, J.M., Orr, J., Cairns, S., Freiwald, A., Morgan, L. & George, R. 2006, “Will human-induced changes in seawater chemistry alter the distribution of deep-sea scleractinian corals?”, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 141-146.

Harrison, P. & Ward, S. 2001, “Elevated levels of nitrogen and phosphorus reduce fertilisation success of gametes from scleractinian reef corals”, Marine Biology, vol. 139, no. 6, pp. 1057-1068.

Hennige, S.J., Wicks, L.C., Kamenos, N.A., Bakker, D.C.E., Findlay, H.S., Dumousseaud, C. & Roberts, J.M. 2014, “Short-term metabolic and growth responses of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa to ocean acidification”, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol. 99, no. 0, pp. 27-35.

Henry, L. & Roberts, J.M. 2007, “Biodiversity and ecological composition of macrobenthos on cold-water coral mounds and adjacent off-mound habitat in the bathyal Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic”, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 654-672.

Hovland, M. & Thomsen, E. 1997, “Cold-water corals—are they hydrocarbon seep related?”, Marine Geology, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 159-164.

Hovland, M. & Risk, M. 2003, “Do Norwegian deep-water coral reefs rely on seeping fluids?”, Marine Geology, vol. 198, no. 1–2, pp. 83-96.

Koop, K., Booth, D., Broadbent, A., Brodie, J., Bucher, D., Capone, D., Coll, J., Dennison, W., Erdmann, M., Harrison, P., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hutchings, P., Jones, G.B., Larkum, A.W.D., O’Neil, J., Steven, A., Tentori, E., Ward, S., Williamson, J. & Yellowlees, D. 2001, “ENCORE: The Effect of Nutrient Enrichment on Coral Reefs. Synthesis of Results and Conclusions”, Marine pollution bulletin, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 91-120.

Levitus, S., Antonov, J.I., Boyer, T.P., Baranova, O.K., Garcia, H.E., Locarnini, R.A., Mishonov, A.V., Reagan, J.R., Seidov, D., Yarosh, E.S. & Zweng, M.M. 2012, “World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0?2000 m), 1955?2010″, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. – L10603.

Lunden, J.J., McNicholl, C.G., Sears, C.R., Morrison, C.L. & Cordes, E. 2014, “Acute survivorship of the deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa from the Gulf of Mexico under acidification, warming, and deoxygenation”, Name: Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 1, pp. 78.

Luz, B. 1982, “Palaeoclimatic interpretation of the last 20,000 yr record of deep-sea cores around the Middle East”, Paleoclimates, Palaeoenvironments and Human Communities in the Eastern Mediterranean Region in Later Prehistory.Edited by JL Bintliff and W.van Zeist, , pp. 41-61.

Maier, C., Hegeman, J., Weinbauer, M. & Gattuso, J. 2009, “Calcification of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa under ambient and reduced pH.”, Biogeosciences Discussions, vol. 6, no. 1.

Marubini, F. & Davies, P. 1996, “Nitrate increases zooxanthellae population density and reduces skeletogenesis in corals”, Marine Biology, vol. 127, no. 2, pp. 319-328.

Marubini, F. & Thake, B. 1999, “Bicarbonate addition promotes coral growth”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 716-720.

McCook, L. 1999, “Macroalgae, nutrients and phase shifts on coral reefs: scientific issues and management consequences for the Great Barrier Reef”, Coral Reefs, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 357-367.

Mienis, F., Duineveld, G., Davies, A., Lavaleye, M., Ross, S., Seim, H., Bane, J., van Haren, H., Bergman, M. & de Haas, H. 2014, “Cold-water coral growth under extreme environmental conditions, the Cape Lookout area, NW Atlantic”, Biogeosciences, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 2543-2560.

Mikkelsen, N., Erlenkeuser, H., Killingley, J.S. & Berger, W.H. 1982, “Norwegian corals: radiocarbon and stable isotopes in Lophelia pertusa“, Boreas, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 163-171.

Mortensen, P.B. 2001, “Aquarium observations on the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa (L., 1758)(Scleractinia) and selected associated invertebrates”, Ophelia, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 83-104.

Naumann, M.S., Orejas, C. & Ferrier-Pagès, C. 2014, “Species-specific physiological response by the cold-water corals Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculatato variations within their natural temperature range”, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol. 99, pp. 36-41.

Orr, J.C., Fabry, V.J., Aumont, O., Bopp, L., Doney, S.C., Feely, R.A., Gnanadesikan, A., Gruber, N., Ishida, A. & Joos, F. 2005, “Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms”, Nature, vol. 437, no. 7059, pp. 681-686.

Oschlies, A., Schulz, K.G., Riebesell, U. & Schmittner, A. 2008, “Simulated 21st century’s increase in oceanic suboxia by CO2‐enhanced biotic carbon export”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 22, no. 4.

Purser, A., Larsson, A.I., Thomsen, L. & van Oevelen, D. 2010, “The influence of flow velocity and food concentration on Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) zooplankton capture rates”, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, vol. 395, no. 1, pp. 55-62.

Remia, A. & Taviani, M. 2005, “Shallow-buried Pleistocene Madrepora-dominated coral mounds on a muddy continental slope, Tuscan Archipelago, NE Tyrrhenian Sea”, Facies, vol. 50, no. 3-4, pp. 419-425.

Renegar, D.A. & Riegl, B.M. 2005, “Effect of nutrient enrichment and elevated CO2 partial pressure on growth rate of Atlantic scleractinian coral Acropora cervicornis“, Marine ecology.Progress series, vol. 293, pp. 69-76.

Roberts, J.M., Peppe, O.C., Dodds, L.A., Mercer, D.J., Thomson, W.T., Gage, J.D. & Meldrum, D.T. 2005, “Monitoring environmental variability around cold-water coral reefs: the use of a benthic photolander and the potential of seafloor observatories” in Cold-water corals and ecosystems Springer, , pp. 483-502.

Rogers, A.D. 1999, “The Biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus 1758) and Other Deep-Water Reef-Forming Corals and Impacts from Human Activities.”, International Review of Hydrobiology, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 315-406.

Schlöder, C. & D’Croz, L. 2004, “Responses of massive and branching coral species to the combined effects of water temperature and nitrate enrichment”, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, vol. 313, no. 2, pp. 255-268.

Schroeder, W. 2002, “Observations of Lophelia pertusa and the surficial geology at a deep-water site in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico”, Hydrobiologia, vol. 471, no. 1-3, pp. 29-33.

Sebens, K.P., Witting, J. & Helmuth, B. 1997, “Effects of water flow and branch spacing on particle capture by the reef coral Madracis mirabilis (Duchassaing and Michelotti)”, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, vol. 211, no. 1, pp. 1-28.

Shelton, G.A.B. 1980, “Lophelia Pertusa (L) – Electrical-Conduction and Behavior in a Deep-Water Coral”, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 517-528.

Squires, D.F. 1959, “Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 1, Atlantic corals. American Museum novitates; no. 1965″, .

Taviani, M., Remia, A., Corselli, C., Freiwald, A., Malinverno, E., Mastrototaro, F., Savini, A. & Tursi, A. 2005, “First geo-marine survey of living cold-water Lophelia reefs in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean basin)”, Facies, vol. 50, no. 3-4, pp. 409-417.

Thiem, Ø., Ravagnan, E., Fosså, J.H. & Berntsen, J. 2006, “Food supply mechanisms for cold-water corals along a continental shelf edge”, Journal of Marine Systems, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 207-219.

Wagner, H., Purser, A., Thomsen, L., Jesus, C.C. & Lundälv, T. 2011, “Particulate organic matter fluxes and hydrodynamics at the Tisler cold-water coral reef”, Journal of Marine Systems, vol. 85, no. 1–2, pp. 19-29.

White, M., Mohn, C., de Stigter, H. & Mottram, G. 2005, “Deep-water coral development as a function of hydrodynamics and surface productivity around the submarine banks of the Rockall Trough, NE Atlantic” in Cold-water corals and ecosystems Springer, , pp. 503-514.

Wienberg, C., Hebbeln, D., Fink, H.G., Mienis, F., Dorschel, B., Vertino, A., Correa, M.L. & Freiwald, A. 2009, “Scleractinian cold-water corals in the Gulf of Cádiz—first clues about their spatial and temporal distribution”, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 1873-1893.

Wisshak, M., Freiwald, A., Lundälv, T. & Gektidis, M. 2005, “The physical niche of the bathyal Lophelia pertusa in a non-bathyal setting: environmental controls and palaeoecological implications” in Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems Springer, , pp. 979-1001.

Wood, H.L., Spicer, J.I. & Widdicombe, S. 2008, “Ocean acidification may increase calcification rates, but at a cost”, Proceedings.Biological sciences / The Royal Society, vol. 275, no. 1644, pp. 1767-1773.

Leave a Reply