The Arctic has an immense reserves of natural resources such as oil, gas, minerals, fresh water and fish. Also the new tourism industry develops quickly. The Arctic is comparatively clean and the only not be exploited completely continent in the world. It is significance in preserving biodiversity and genotypes is considerable. The increased human activities are affecting and change the environment of the Arctic region.
Arctic Council is organized by six indigenous populations, including people living in Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the USA. Primary work are regulatory agreement regarding shipping, tourism, and resource development in Arctic water, dealing with environmental problems and resource disputes. Hundreds of scientist and specialists of the Arctic Council and Barents Euro-Arctic Council cooperated and work at research projects in the Arctic Region.
There have been many proposals to preserve the Arctic over the years. Most recently a group of stars at the Rio Earth Summit, on June 21, 2012, proposed protecting the Arctic, similar to the Antarctic protection. The initial focus of the campaign will be a UN resolution creating a global sanctuary around the pole, and a ban on oil drilling and unsustainable fishing in the Arctic.