“The earliest inhabitants of North America’s central and eastern Arctic are referred to as the Arctic small tool tradition (AST) and existed c. 2500 BC. AST consisted of several Paleo-Eskimocultures, including the Independence cultures and PreDorset culture. The Dorset culture (Inuktitut: Tuniit or Tunit) refers to the next inhabitants of central and eastern Arctic.The Dorset culture evolved because of technological and economic changes during the period of 1050–550 BC. With the exception of the Quebec/Labrador peninsula, the Dorset culture vanished around 1500 AD.”
The Dorset culture survived in Aivilik, Southampton and Coats Islands until the beginning of the 20th century. By 1300, the Inuit, present-day Arctic inhabitants and descendants of Thule culture, had settled in west Greenland, and moved into east Greenland over the following century. Over time, the Inuit have migrated throughout the Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, Russia and the United States”. (Wikipedia)
It is estimate that the Inuit arrived the North American continent 4000 years ago. Inuit was the only community who make a living by hunting and whaling sites in Arctic. Wintertime was a period for them to get together for gaming and dancing. For thousands years, they have adapt to the extreme environment. However, due to the climate change, they are forced to move to southern area, however, they do not seems to suit the life there.
The Inuit Circumpolar Council is a multinational nongovernment organization and Indigenous People Organization(IPO) representing the 160,000 Inuit( Eskimo)people living in Alaska (United States), Canada, Greenland(Denmark), and Chukotka (Russia). ICC was accredited and was granted special consultative status at the UN in 1983. It is mainly represented the right and interest of Native People from the Arctic regions.